NID - Trains

History of the Indian Railways

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1870 - 1919

1844 15 Jul. The Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR) formed.
1852 18 Feb. The first locomotive seen shunting near Byculla flats in Bombay.
1853 16 Apr. The first train steams out from Bombay to Thane, a distance of 34 kilometres.
1854 15 Aug. The first passenger train operated from Howrah (Calcutta) to Hooghly on the newly formed East India Railway.
1854 The first railway workshop of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opened at Byculla, Bombay.
1862 Jamalpur Railway Workshop opened in Bihar.
1864 1 Aug. Calcutta and Delhi linked by rail.
1869 1 Jul. Change in government policy. It was decreed that private lines could be taken over by the state on certain terms after the completion of 25 years.

Metre gauge six vehicle armoured train built at Ajmer by the BBCIR.
  1853 First locomotive 'Lord Falkland'
  1862 Double decker coaches introduced on the GIP and the EIR.
  1863 Sone Bridge near Arrah commissioned. Becomes the most notable bridge of the early years.

Upper quadrant multiple aspect Semaphore signals.
Lower quadrant Semaphore signals.

1920 - 1949

1922 Route length of railways 59,600 kms.
1925 First electric railway opened from Bombay VT to Kurla, on the harbour branch line of the GIPR. Traction used was 1500 v DC, overhead
1928-31 Large amounts spent on doubling and quadrupling tracks to ease traffic, and bridges etc strengthened or rebuilt.
1939 Route length of railways 65,850 kms.
1939 World War Two breaks out. Again the railways put under great strain.
1947 India gains independence. Creation of India and Pakistan. Route length 64,838 kms before partition.
1948 42 railway systems of various classes in existence
1949 Assam rail link opened

A WP class broad gauge express passenger steam locomotive.
Indian Railways metre gauge Class YP 4--6-2, the last steam express locomotive to be built anywhere in the world.
  1906 Howrah station in its present form inaugurated to become the largest station in the country.
  1920 Indian Railway Standards (IRS) introduced. It was also at this time that the concept of superheating was first tried out in India.
  1923 Over 500 different classes of locomotives in existence.
  1936 Introduction of the first air-conditioned coach.
  1946 WP class 4-6-2 broad gauge passenger steam locomotive introduced.
  1949 YP class 4-6-2 metre gauge passenger steam locomotive introduced.
  1949 Railway Board adopts standard all-steel design for coaches.

2'0" MLR 739 0-6-0T used on the Neral - Matheran line.

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